Champagne is a sparkling wine that comes from the Champagne region of France. It is often associated with celebrations and special occasions due to its effervescence and association with luxury. Several grape varieties, including Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Meunier, are typically used in the production of Champagnes.

The unique characteristics of Champagne, such as its bubbles and complex flavors, are a result of the traditional method of production, also known as the méthode champenoise or méthode traditionnelle. In this process, the wine undergoes a second fermentation in the bottle, creating carbonation.

It is categorized into various styles based on its sweetness level:

  1. Brut Nature/Zero Dosage: No added sugar, bone-dry.
  2. Extra Brut: Very dry, minimal sugar added.
  3. Brut: Dry, the most common style.
  4. Extra Dry/Extra Sec: Slightly sweeter than Brut.
  5. Sec/Dry: Medium sweetness.
  6. Demi-Sec: Sweet.
  7. Doux: Very sweet.

Remember that only sparkling wines produced in the Champagne region of France can be officially labeled as Champagne. Similar sparkling wines from other regions are referred to by different names, such as sparkling wine or méthode traditionnelle.

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